Before understanding the impact of cannabidiol (CBD) on endometriosis pathologies and menstrual pain, a few definitions are necessary:
Endometriosis is a chronic disease, generally recurrent, which affects 6 to 10% of the female population. The endometrium is the mucous membrane of the walls of the uterus. Endometriosis happens when this mucous membrane grows elsewhere by abnormally migrating towards the fallopian tubes, cervix, ligaments, ovaries, the peritoneum, or even to non-genital organs such as the bladder or colon. Even though the endometrium develops elsewhere than in the uterus, which is its usual place, it will follow the hormonal logic of the 28-day cycle and will disintegrate, causing blood flow.
The causes of endometriosis can be multiple. Early and painful menstruation with short cycles, a gynaecological operation history or in utero exposure to diethylstilbestrol, are all plausible explanations.
Symptoms are heavy periods around the third day of the cycle and constant pain. Several medical examinations, including ultrasound, MRI or other radiology techniques, allow this disease to be diagnosed. Although it usually disappears at menopause, medical treatment is often sufficient to regulate the condition, but endometriosis retains a psychological impact due to the pain. Alternative medicine and a healthy lifestyle can provide relief. In this context, we will see below that the use of CBD oil can help to relieve the pain and the harmful effects of the disease.
Painful periods / menstrual pain or dysmenorrhoea :
Menstrual pain affects 50 to 80% of fertile women. Among them, 5 to 15% of women have to change their daily routine during the 2 or 3 days of intense pain. In general, this period is incredibly painful during adolescence and just before menopause because of the more significant hormonal variations.
This pain is explained by uterine contractions due to the cessation of oestrogen and progesterone production after ovulation and in the absence of fertilisation. The endometrium produces too many prostaglandins, which are responsible for these painful contractions of the uterus and sometimes reach other organs causing nausea, diarrhea or headaches.
Cases of primary dysmenorrhoea are also often linked to inflammation, the causes of which are not yet well known, due to a lack of medical research in the field. Traditional treatments such as birth control pills or ibuprofen do not work in all cases.
The benefits of CBD intake for patients:
Dr John Thiel, the provincial head of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the University of Saskatchewan in Regina, Canada, suggests the existence of cannabinoid receptors in the female genital tract. CBD interferes directly with these receptors, which reduce pelvic pain and is thought to have a positive effect on pain management. One of the scientific studies carried out on 134 patients with chronic pelvic pain who took CBD concluded that it had a positive impact on 60% of cases.
In the specific case of endometriosis, when the endometrium outside the uterus causes bleeding, it releases inflammatory mediators responsible for pain and syndromes such as irritable bowel or fibromyalgia. Thus, CBD, with its potential anti-inflammatory properties, would act where traditional treatments do not work.
Furthermore, studies have shown that CBD acts directly on the nervous and inflammatory systems, resulting in a reduction in pain. The Swiss association S-Endo recommends taking CBD when traditional drug treatments do not work.
However, it is important to note that the Canadian Medical Association (CMA), as a precautionary measure, does not recommend the use of CBD for pregnant women.
One of the most effective ways to take CBD is in the form of an oil. Check out all our great Tom Hemps’ CBD oils and oral sprays here.
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