INSTRUCTIONS FOR GERMINATING CANNABIS SEEDS

OPEN SESAME – INSTRUCTIONS FOR GERMINATING CANNABIS SEEDS

The grass is greener on the other side, but when growing cannabis correctly, the phrase will be reserved for your neighbour. Because while it may seem overwhelming to start growing weed with no experience, the only real magic is “knowing how”. The journey of any marijuana plant begins with germination. Seed in the ground, wait, welcome to the world. Even if it’s not actually that simple, it’s actually easy if you familiarise yourself with the germination process and follow a few basic principles. And to do just that, this article deals with the germination of feminised seeds, the germination of autoflowering seeds and the germination of regular seeds. What needs to be considered when germinating cannabis seeds? How long does it take to germinate seeds? Which method is the best for seed germination… We have answers.

WHAT IS CANNABIS GERMINATION?

The germination of cannabis seeds is the crucial contribution to the success of the entire cultivation process. This first step is the moment when the potential of a seed line or a particular strain is brought to life. Germination activates the growth potential of the seeds by awakening them from their dormant state and starting to develop their root and shoot structures. This lays the foundation for healthy and robust plant growth. Successful germination is therefore crucial for a high survival rate and good plant health throughout their life cycle. In addition, germination also enables early identification of problems or weaknesses within the seed batch. Seeds that fail to germinate or sprout poorly could indicate quality, age or storage conditions that need to be considered in future cultivation projects. Careful observation during the germination process can therefore provide valuable insights and lay the foundation for a successful harvest. .

Cannabis seed germination generally goes through several well-defined stages that mark the process of seed awakening and growth. Here are the typical stages of germination:

  1. Soaking: This is the first step in which the seeds are placed in water or a germination solution. Soaking softens the outer covering of the seed and allows the embryo to absorb water, which triggers the germination process.
  2. Swelling: During this stage, the seed begins to absorb moisture, resulting in swelling. The outer covering of the seed may burst open to expose the embryo inside.
  3. Root formation: After the seed has swollen, the root (radicle) begins to grow out of the seed. The root searches for moisture and firm soil to anchor itself and absorb nutrients.
  4. Shoot formation: Simultaneously with root formation, the shoot (hypocotyl) begins to grow from the seed. The shoot strives upwards and slowly opens to reveal the first leaves (cotyledons).
  5. Germination: This is no less a moment than when the shoot fully emerges from the seed and develops into a tiny plant. Germination is complete when the sprout has absorbed enough energy from the seed and the environment to grow independently.

During these stages, it is important to keep the seeds in a moist and warm environment to ensure optimal conditions for germination. The exact duration and conditions of each stage can vary depending on the cannabis strain, seed quality and environment, but these basic stages form the framework for the process of cannabis seed germination.

TIME IS GROWTH – HOW LONG UNTIL CANNABIS SEEDS GERMINATE?

The duration of the cannabis seed germination process can vary depending on several factors, including the quality of the seeds, the specific strain, the environmental conditions and the chosen germination method. In general, however, the germination process takes between 24 hours and a week.

Under ideal conditions, such as a constant temperature of around 20-25°C (68-77°F) and humidity of around 70-90%, many cannabis seeds can germinate within 24 to 72 hours. However, some seeds may take a little longer, especially if they are older or have been stored in less than optimal conditions. If germination has not occurred after a week, it is advisable to check the seeds carefully to ensure that they are not rotten or damaged. In some cases, it may be necessary to adjust the germination method.


HOW TO DO THE TO DO – THE MOST EFFECTIVE METHODS TO GERMINATE CANNABIS SEEDS

When it comes to marijuana seed germination, there is no one method that guarantees success and only a few methods have been established over the years. However, there is no one-size-fits-all answer as to which method is suitable for which seed and for whom, and it remains to try out individual methods to find the one that suits you best. We will give you the most common ones below.

HOW DO I GERMINATE CANNABIS SEEDS IN SOIL?

When germinating cannabis seeds in soil, it is important to create a suitable environment to ensure optimal conditions for germination. Here is a detailed guide to germinating cannabis seeds in soil:

  1. Preparing the substrate: use high-quality, well-drained growing soil or a special germination mix. This should be free from pests, pathogens and excess nutrients that could damage the delicate seedlings.
  2. Choose a container: Choose a clean, shallow container with drainage holes at the bottom to allow excess water to drain away. Pots or seed trays work well for this purpose.
  3. Prepare the soil: Fill the container with soil until it is about 2/3 full. Press the soil lightly to firm it up, but avoid compacting it too much.
  4. Plant the seeds: Place the cannabis seeds about 1-2 centimetres deep in the soil. Make sure you don’t plant the seeds too deep, otherwise they may struggle to rise to the surface.
  5. Moisten the soil: Water the soil carefully until it is evenly moist but not soaked. Excess water should be able to drain out of the drainage holes.
  6. Create optimum conditions: Place the container in a warm and bright location, but avoid direct sunlight as this can dry out the soil. A room temperature of around 20-25°C (68-77°F) is ideal for germinating cannabis seeds.
  7. Be patient and observe: Give the seeds time to germinate. This can take between 24 hours and a week. During this time, you should keep the soil slightly moist on a regular basis and ensure that it does not dry out.
  8. Caring for the seedlings: As soon as the seedlings appear, they should be handled with care. Avoid disturbing the delicate roots and continue to keep the soil slightly moist.

GERMINATING CANNABIS SEEDS IN KITCHEN ROLL

Germinating cannabis seeds in kitchen roll is a simple and effective way to monitor the germination process and ensure that the seeds receive optimal conditions for germination

  1. Preparing the kitchen roll: Peel off two to three sheets of kitchen roll and place them on a clean, flat surface. Make sure the kitchen roll is not too thin and can absorb enough water to keep the seeds moist.
  2. Moistening the kitchen roll: Moisten the kitchen roll until it is evenly moist but not soaked. Make sure that excess water can drain off so that the seeds do not lie in the water.
  3. Placing the seeds: Place the cannabis seeds evenly on the damp kitchen roll. Make sure that the seeds are not too close together so that they have enough space to germinate.
  4. Cover the seeds: Carefully place another sheet of damp kitchen roll over the seeds to cover them. This will create a moist environment that promotes germination and protects the seeds from drying out.
  5. Monitoring and care: Place the kitchen roll in a warm and bright place, but avoid direct sunlight. Keep the kitchen roll moist during the germination process by spraying it regularly with water or watering it carefully to ensure that the seeds do not dry out.
  6. Be patient: Give the seeds time to germinate. This can take between 24 hours and a week, depending on the variety and quality of the seeds. During this time, you should check the kitchen roll regularly and make sure it remains moist.
  7. Transplanting the seedlings: Once the seedlings appear and develop roots, they can be carefully transplanted into the soil or a suitable growing medium to continue growing and developing.

 

GERMINATING CANNABIS SEEDS IN WATER

 

Germinating cannabis seeds in water is a simple and proven method to initiate the germination process and prepare the seeds for growth. It is one of the most popular because it does not require any utensils.

  1. Water preparation: Use clean, still water at room temperature. It is important not to use chlorinated tap water as chlorine can damage the seeds. Alternatively, you can also use stale water or distilled water.
  2. Soak the seeds: Fill a glass or container with the prepared water. Carefully add the cannabis seeds to the water. Make sure that the seeds are completely covered but not too close together to ensure good aeration.
  3. Soaking time: Leave the seeds to soak in the water for around 12 to 24 hours. During this time, the seeds will absorb moisture and begin to swell, which will start the germination process.
  4. Checking the seeds: After the soaking time, you should carefully check the seeds for signs of germination. They should have split open and the root (radicle) should be visible.
  5. Transplanting the seeds: Once the seeds have germinated, they can be carefully transplanted into soil or a suitable growing medium to continue growing and developing. Be careful not to damage the roots.
  6. Seedling care: Ensure that the seedlings receive sufficient light, warmth and moisture after transplanting. Keep the soil moist, but not too wet, and avoid overwatering the sensitive seedlings.

GERMINATING CANNABIS SEEDS WITH A COFFEE FILTER

 

Germinating cannabis seeds in a coffee filter is similar to the paper roll method. However, it can cause transplantation difficulties . This is because once the seeds have germinated, they need to be transplanted into soil or a growing medium. Removing the seedlings from the coffee filter and transplanting them into another container can be difficult and can damage the delicate roots. But with a little care and attention, it is likely to be successful.

  1. Preparing the coffee filter: Take a clean, unprinted coffee filter and fold it so that it forms a flat but slightly raised surface. This will allow the water to drain and ensure good aeration.
  2. Moistening the coffee filter: Moisten the coffee filter until it is evenly moist but not soaked. Squeeze out excess water carefully to ensure the coffee filter is not too wet.
  3. Placing the seeds: Place the cannabis seeds evenly on the damp coffee filter. Make sure that the seeds are not too close together so that they have enough space to germinate.
  4. Cover the seeds: Carefully place another slightly damp piece of coffee filter or paper towel over the seeds to cover them. This will create a moist environment that promotes germination and protects the seeds from drying out.
  5. Monitoring and care: Place the coffee filter in a warm and bright place, but avoid direct sunlight. Keep the coffee filter moist during the germination process by spraying it regularly with water or watering it carefully to ensure that the seeds do not dry out.
  6. Be patient: Give the seeds time to germinate. This can take between 24 hours and a week, depending on the variety and quality of the seeds. During this time, you should check the coffee filter regularly and make sure it remains moist.
  7. Transplanting the seedlings: Once the seedlings appear and develop roots, they can be carefully transplanted into the soil or a suitable growing medium to continue growing and developing.

GERMINATED AND THEN WHAT ? – TRANSPLANTING THE CUTTINGS

If germination has not taken place directly in the soil or substrate, the seedlings must be transplanted. But when do I transplant seedlings? The right time to repot cannabis seeds is as soon as the cannabis seeds have germinated and the seedlings have reached a height of around 2-4 cm and are developing their first true leaves. At this point, the seedlings have developed enough roots to transplant them into larger containers.

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